Autism treatment methods are unique for each child and based on their individual symptoms. The goal of treatment is to reduce or manage symptoms while improving their learning and development.
Behaviour and Communication Treatments
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA): This therapy is based on using rewards to reinforce positive behaviours in children. It may include breaking down the desired behaviour into simple steps, focusing on important areas of child development like self-management, appropriate social behaviour, and verbal skills.
Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-Based Model (DIR): Also known as “floor time”, this therapy involves getting on the floor to play with your child and engaging in activities the child likes to do. This supports your child’s emotional and intellectual development and improves communication skills.
Treatment and Education of Autistic and Communication-handicapped Children (TEACCH): This therapy uses a variety of visuals to guide your child to do normal activities and improves intellectual development. The information is provided in a step-by-step manner so the child can learn new skills easily.
The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS): This is also a therapy that uses the visual medium to guide your child. In this method, special symbols are used to communicate with the child, teaching them the meaning and use of each of these symbols through practice. Over time, your child develops communication skills using these special symbols.
Occupational Therapy: This method focuses on the mental and physical development of your child. Your child develops the skill to conduct various day-to-day activities on their own and live as independently as they can.
Sensory Integration Therapy: This therapy focuses on the sensory skills of your child and their response to various stimuli in the environment. For example, the doctor may see if certain applications of light or sound upset your child, and if so, helps them manage the problem.
Currently, there are no drugs available in the market to cure the disorder. However, a few medicines are available to help your child manage the various symptoms associated with the disorder, such as depression, seizures, and insomnia.